Tsipras and his finance minister Yanis Varoufakis are touring European capitals this week in a diplomatic offensive to replace Greece’s bailout accord with the European Union, European Central Bank and International Monetary Fund “Troika”.
After a tumultuous first week during which his left-leaning government made clear it intends to keep campaign promises to ditch the tough austerity conditions imposed under its existing bailout, the emphasis this week appears to be on maintaining that a deal is still possible.
“We are in substantial negotiations with our partners in Europe and those that have lent to us. We have obligations towards them,” Tsipras said at a news conference in Cyprus during his first foreign visit as prime minister.
“Right now, there are no other thoughts on the table,” he said, when asked whether Greece would seek aid from Russia, which has suggested it could be willing to listen to a request for support from Athens.
The remarks on Russia could reassure EU partners shocked last week when the Tsipras government initially appeared to reject the bloc’s consensus on economic sanctions against Moscow. Greece eventually signed up last Thursday to extending existing sanctions against Russia for six more months.
Greece, unable to borrow on the markets and facing pressure to extend the current support agreement when it expires on Feb. 28, is looking for a bridging agreement that would give it breathing space to propose a new debt arrangement.
It has so far met a tough line from European partners, above all from Germany. German Finance Minister Wolfgang Schaeuble told Reuters in an interview on Monday that Berlin would not accept any unilateral changes to Greece’s debt programme.
“We want Greece to continue going down this successful path in the interests of Greece and the Greeks but we will not accept one-sided changes to the programme,” he said at the Reuters Euro Zone Summit.
Tsipras repeated calls already made by his finance minister Varoufakis for the mechanism of inspectors from the “Troika” overseeing Greek finances to be dismantled and replaced by direct negotiations between Athens and its EU and IMF partners.
“I believe that this would be a mature and necessary development for Europe,” he said.
Germany responded that the troika controls were agreed as part of the bailout and should remain in place.
“The German government sees no reason to scrap this mechanism of evaluation by the troika,” Finance Ministry spokeswoman Christiane Wirtz said in Berlin.
To some degree, both sides are posturing ahead of what is certain to be difficult negotiations. The Greeks appear to be searching for more sympathetic ears first, before meeting the Germans.
French Finance Minister Michel Sapin said after meeting Varoufakis that Athens could not expect a straight debt write-off, but left the door open to other options that include giving Athens more time for repayment.
Varoufakis’s next stop was in London, where he was due to meet about 100 banks and financial institutions. A Greek government source said he planned to tell the private sector investors that they had nothing to worry about.
“We will be able to service the Greek debt on terms that will have no detrimental impact on, especially private, bond holders,” said the source who spoke on condition of anonymity due to the sensitivity of the matter.
Varoufakis also met British officials, seeking more European allies, although Britain is not a member of the euro zone.
“It is clear that the stand-off between Greece and the euro zone is the greatest risk to the global economy,” Britain’s finance minister, George Osborne, said after their meeting.
“I urge the Greek finance minister to act responsibly but it’s also important that the euro zone has a better plan for jobs and growth,” Osborne said.
On Tuesday, Tsipras will meet Italy’s Prime Minister Matteo Renzi, another young centre-left leader who is thought to be among those most sympathetic to calls for leniency.
He sees European Commission President Jean-Claude Juncker and French President Francois Hollande on Wednesday. So far no date has been set for a meeting with German Chancellor Angela Merkel, although they will meet at a European summit on Feb. 12.
Exactly how much time Greece has to reach a deal with its creditors remains to be seen. In theory, there are only weeks left: once its bailout expires at the end of February, the European Central Bank could be obliged to pull the plug on funding for Greek banks. In practice, however, an alternative interim funding mechanism for the banks could possibly be found.
After that, Greece has large debt payments due in March, although officials say it could have enough cash on hand to meet them, avoiding a crunch until later in the spring.
Despite German resistance to the idea of a new deal on Greece, Tsipras said the tide of debate in Europe had been unexpectedly encouraging for Athens, with more and more backing for the idea of a change of direction in Europe.
“I never expected that there would be such strong forces helping the new government create a new framework and set a new course, not only about Greece but Europe as a whole, because Europe is in a crisis,” he said.